Another possible application of the ZeeWeed organic polymeric membranes is in the production of drinking water starting from sea water/rivers/lakes etc., in which a high level of control on the water quality is required for human consumption. Ultrafiltration in this case carries out a fundamental polishing stage able to remove suspended solids and bacteria before sending the water to furthers polishing stage (activated carbon/UV) and then to the distribution network or to RO sections (reverse osmosis). ZeeWeed 1000 membranes for drinking water applications are ideal for retrofitting existing sand/carbon filters for medium and large plants; the PVDF membrane in this case is submerged self-supporting extruded membrane that works in an OUT-IN mode: i.e. the direction of filtration goes from the outside of the hollow fiber towards the inside so that the suspended solids remain outside the membrane while only the permeate (clarified water) reaches the internal channel of the fiber (lumen) from where it is then collected and sent to the final discharge.
The membranes are grouped in modules which located in a ultrafiltration cassette equipped with different blocks capable of reaching the required surface. It is possible to ensure a high removal of pathogens such as Giardia and Cryptosporidium and achieve a turbidity in the effluent of less than 0.1 NTU.